Roasted Arabica beans

Roasted Arabica beans

Around 70% of the global coffee market comes from the Coffea arabica tree.  The tree grows to about 3.5-metres tall, producing white, jasmine-scented flowers, which develop into green berries, turning red as they ripen. There are around 15-billion Coffea arabica trees grown around the world.  The remaining coffee comes from the bean of the Robusta tree (Coffea canephora), which is used in instant coffee & has around twice the caffeine content.

Researchers from Kew Gardens say that climate change is affecting where the Coffea arabica tree can be grown.  They say that 99.7% of Arabica-growing areas could be unsuitable for the plant by 2080 & also that the wild Arabica tree could also be extinct by 2080.

“Arabica can only exist in a very specific pace with a very specific number of other variables. It is mainly temperature but also the relationship between temperature & seasonality – the average temperature during the wet season for example. Climate change is happening so fast that caffeine farms would have to move their plantations 50m every decade to survive.”   This could be a disaster for coffee drinkers & of course, prices will skyrocket. See – http://bit.ly/Qpci3n

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